Terms and Glossary - AmWager

ABC Wagering, Across The Board, Action , Added Money, Addin, Agent, Airing, All-Out, Allowance Race, Also-Eligible, Anterior, Apprentice, Apron, Baby Race, Backside / Backstretch, Bandage, Barrier / Tape, Bell, Beyer Number, Bit , Blanket, Bleeder, Blinkers, Board, Bolt, Bomber, Box, Breakage, Bute, Call, Carryover, Chart, Checked, Chute, Claiming, Claiming Race, Classic, Clerk of Scales, Clocker, Closer, Colt, Commingle, Conditions, Dam, Dam's Sire, Dead Heat, Deep Stretch, Decimal Odds, Derby, Distaff, Distanced, Driving, Earmuffs, Eased, Eligible, Entry Fee, Entry, Exotic, Fast , Fence, Field, Filly, Firm, Flag, Force-Out, Front-Runner, Furlong, Furosemide, Gait, Gap, Granddam, Grandsire, Groom, Hand, Handle, Hard, Head, Heat, Infield, Inquiry, In The Money, Lasix, Length, Lock, Lure, Maiden, Mare, Matinee, Minus Pool, Mudder, Mutuel Pool, Neck, Nose, Oaks, Objection, Official, Off-Track Betting, On The Board, Overlay, Pacesetter, Paddock, Part Wheel, Past Performance, Photo Finish, Pick, Place, Post, Post Time, Purse, Rail, Rail Runner, Schooling Race, Scratch, Self-Serve, Show, Silks, Simulcast, Sire, Sloppy, Slow, Soft, Sprint, Stakes, Stallion, Starting Gate, Takeout, Thoroughbred, Thoroughbred Racing Association, Tote / Totalizator, Tout, Track Bias, Trip, Underlay, Untried, Wire, Work,

ABC WageringABC Wagering is a wagering system invented by Steven Crist that allows you to rank the horses according to their appeal to you. "A" Runners are the ones most likely to win, "B" Runnersare somewhat likely to win and "C" Runners are unlikely but might have a shot. Given those ranking you can construct your bets more efficiently.
Across The Board Across the board bet is a bet on a a runner to win place show. If the runner wins the player collects all three prices, if second the player collects place and show and if third the player collects the show price only.
Action A) The way a horse moves. B) To wager. I.E. (Number 1 has all of the action).
Added Money Money added to the purse of a race by a industry fund to the amount paid by owners in nomination, eligibility, entry and fees.
Addin Money added by the host track to pool. (Seed Money)
Agent A person legally empowered to conduct business for a stable owner or jockey, may buy or sell horses for an owner or breeder.
Airing Running slower than normal in a race.
All-Out When a runner is pushing it to the edge, going faster and harder than normal.
Allowance Race A race where the runners are allowed to carry different weight based on age, sex and/or past race performances.
Also-Eligible A horse that is officially entered in the race, but will only run if other horses are scratched below a specified number.
Anterior Toward front.
Apprentice Rider which has ridden less then a specified number of races. May be denoted with an asterisk in the program.
Apron Area between the grandstand and race track. Normally a paved spectator area.
Baby Race A race for two year old horses.
Backside / Backstretch Employee and stable area many times located behind the track.
Bandage Bandages are used on horses in a race to support their legs and help protect against injury.
Barrier / Tape Starting device used in steeple chase racing which is stretched across the racetrack and springs back out of way when released.
Bell Signal sounded betting is stopped. May happen when the gate opens or prior.
Beyer Number Popular handicapping ranking popularized by author Andrew Beyer, assigns a numerical value to each runner based on final time and track conditions.
Bit Aluminum, rubber, or stainless steel bar attached to the bridle which fits in the horses mouth and allows the rider/jockey to exert control over the horse.
Blanket Covering for a greyhoudn bearing the number and color corresponding to post position.
Bleeder A horse that is prone to bleeding from the lungs during exercise or running. May be exacerbated by either extreme hot or cold temperatures. May be preventively treated with Lasix.
Blinkers A device to limit the range of vision of a horse. Prevents the horse from being distracted/scared by the crowd or other objects/horses.
Board Historically the "Tote Board" in the middle of the racetrack that displayed pool totals and odds. May refer to any display presenting odds/pool totals.
Bolt When a runner suddenly veer's off course.
Bomber When a long shot (high odds) horse wins.
Box Bet type that uses all selections in each possible position. I.E. Trifecta Box
Breakage Remaining pennies after rounding, may go to the state or entity taking the wager depending on state rules. (Negative Breakage is paid by the entity taking the wager)
Bute Phenylbutazone, a NSAID that is legal in many jurisdictions. Also known by Butazolidin and Butazone.
Call The actual position of the horses at a certain point in the race.
Carryover Many pools may payout partially if no-one selects the exact finish. In that case the left over money will be added to the next (or specified) instance of the same pool. If a pool is not "hit", this can lead to succesive carryovers and very large pools. In some instances carryovers may be forced-out and paid to those with the most correct selections (5 of 6 etc.) Carryovers are more likely in pools with more legs. I.E. Pick 6 or Super High Five
Chart Shows the position and distance of each horse at pre-determined points of call, runners age, weight, owner, trainer, jockey, race statisics and other data.
Checked When a jockey must slow a horse due to others in its path.
Chute Extension of the straight stretches of the track allowing runners to get up to speed before going into a turn.
Claiming Method that any licensed person may purchase a running horse entered in a "claiming race" for a predetermined price. When a runner is claimed the runner changes owners as soon as the race begins although the prior runner still retains all purse money for the race. Thus the new owner takes the risk of the race and the old owner takes the reward.
Claiming Race A race with a predtermined amount that any runner in the race can be purchased at. (See Claiming)
Classic Historically significant race.
Clerk of Scales Racing official whose duty is to ensure riders are properly weighed before and after each race.
Clocker Person that times the races and workouts of a runner.
Closer Runner that tends to do best in the late stages of a race.
Colt Ungelded male horse under four years old.
Commingle Combining wagers into the same pool from multiple wagering locations.
Conditions Requirements and rules for a certain race. Restrictions may include age, sex, winning money, winning races, weight carred, and/or distance of race.
Dam Female parent of a horse.
Dam's Sire Maternal Grandfather of a horse.
Dead Heat Two or more runners finishing at the same exact time in a race. (Tie)
Deep Stretch Near the finish line in a race.
Decimal Odds Actual probably payout for a runner to win. More accurate than fractional odds which may involve rounding.
Derby Stakes race for three year olds.
Distaff Femail horse
Distanced A runner so far behind there is no possible way it may win.
Driving A horse running as hard as possible under urging from the jockey/driver.
Earmuffs Device covering horses ears to prevent noise from distractign it.
Eased Gently slowing a horse during a race.
Eligible Qualified to start in a race.
Entry Fee Money paid by an owner to put their runner in the race.
Entry Two or more horses with common ownership or common trainers which run as a single betting interest. Rules vary between jurisdictions.
Exotic Refers to any wager other than win, place or show.
Fast Track condition where it is dry and evenly packed.
Fence Railing on inside of track.
Field All runners in a race.
Filly Female horse under four years old.
Firm Track condition on a turf course where it is dry and evenly packed.
Flag Manual race start signal.
Force-Out A pool which will be paid fully even if no one selects the correct order.
Front-Runner Runner which normally leads the pack, may do poorly once in the middle of the pack.
Furlong 660 Feet = 220 yard = 1/8 of a mile.
Furosemide Commonly known as Lasix. Medication to help prevent bleeding in some horses.
Gait Particular characteristic of the way a horse walks, such as: walk, trot, canter or gallop.
Gap Opening in the railing where horses may enter and leave the racecourse.
Granddam Grandmother of a horse.
Grandsire Grandfather of a horse.
Groom Person that cares for horses in the stable.
Hand Measurement equivalent to four inches.
Handle Amount of money wagered on a pool/race/event.
Hard Track condition where it is extremely solid.
Heat Race in which the winners will qualify to run in a later more prestigous race.
Infield The area inside the inner railing of the racecourse.
Inquiry Judges/Stewards investigating a possible rule violation. May result in disqualifcation of a runner in some circumstances.
In The Money A runner that finishes in first, second or third place.
Lasix See furosemide.
Length Sight measurement equivalent to the length of a horse. Denotes distances between horses during a race.
Lock A sure thing, cannot loose. (Or so they say..)
Lure Mechanical device used to guide the greyhounds around the racetrack.
Maiden Horse that has not won a race.
Mare Female horse older than five years.
Matinee Race program conducted during daylight hours.
Minus Pool A pool where a favorite horse is bet so much that when it wins the entities taking the bet must add money back to the pool to cover the legal minimum payout.
Mudder A runner that does better in wet/muddy conditions.
Mutuel Pool Sum of all wagers on a specific bet type for a specific race (or races in multi-race pools)
Neck A sight measurement generally equivalent to the length of a horses neck.
Nose A sight measurement meaning very small distance.
Oaks Stakes race for three year old female horses.
Objection Claim of a foul or rule infraction made by a jockey against another horse/rider.
Official Race is final and tickets can be paid/redeemed for shown prices.
Off Track Betting Waggering at legal betting outlets not at the actual racetrack. All wagering on AmWager is Off Track Betting.
On The Board Runner finishing in the top three positions.
Overlay A runner / combination that has been wagered on less than it warrants based on statistics.
Pacesetter The horse running in front. The leader.
Paddock Area where horses are saddled and paraded for the crowd before racing
Part Wheel Using multiple horses in each leg of a wager. Also known as just Wheel
Past Performance Statistics about the actual performance of a runner in its past races. 
Photo Finish Finish where the order is to close to call visually, judges must view the high-speed finish camera to determine the winners.
Pick Type of multi-race wager where you must pick the winner in each selected race. I.E. Pick 3, Pick 5, Pick 6
Place Second position. - A wager that pays on first or second.
Post Starting position of a runner in the race.
Post Time Designated time the race should begin.
Purse Total money distributed to owners of the top finishers of the race.
Rail Barrier on either side of the racign surface.
Rail Runner A runner that likes to stay near the inside rail of a track.
Schooling Race Practice race.
Scratch Removed from the race. May be removed for various reasons.
Self-Serve A machine that you can place a wager at a track without interacting with a teller.
Show Third position. A wager which pays out if a runner comes in at least third.
Silks Jacket and cap worn by jockey's that designate the owner of the horse, or post position. (Varies based on track)
Simulcast Transmission of the race to other locations.
Sire Male parent of a horse.
Sloppy Track condition - Wet with water visible on the track.
Slow Track condition - Track is wet and somewhat soaked.
Soft Track condition - Extremely wet, horses may sink deeply.
Sprint Short race.
Stakes A race in which the owner must pay an entry fee. Generally has higher purses than other races.
Stallion Male horse used for breeding.
Starting Gate Device which serves to hold the runners until the start of the race and then release them evenly.
Takeout The person of each bet deducted prior to going into the pool. Shared by the entity taking the bet, the track, goverement bodies, tote systems, and others.
Thoroughbred A horse whose lineage can be traced back to either Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk or Godolphin Bar and has satifised all requirements of The Jockey Club, and has registered in a stud book recognized by The Jockey Club.
Thoroughbred Racing Association Industry group comprised of many races tracks in North America.
Tote / Totalizator Computer system which aggregates wagers, displays odds, and calculates payouts.
Tout Person which claims to have the best knowledge of who will win.
Track Bias Some race courses may favor certain types of runners. Finding the bias in a track can help handicapping.
Trip Description of how a specific horse performed in a race.
Underlay A runner or combination which has had more money bet on it than statistics warrants.
Untried A runner that has never ran in these specific conditions.
Wire The finish line.
Work To exercise a runner.

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